Pacific Oysters

Pacific Oysters
Common Name Pacific Oysters
Market Name Japanese oyster
Scientific name Crassostrea gigas

Sourcing Summary

Size

2.5-7 in.

A good supply of live half shell oysters and oyster meat is available year-round. Oysters should be bought live and smell like the sea, not sulfurous. Check for freshness by tapping on the shells to see whether they close. The meat from oysters grown off the bottom in farms tends to be higher, making it a good substitute for dredged oysters. Oysters can be kept up to two weeks after collection at 36–38F in a breathable container. Buyers should look for the origin and collection date on a live-oyster shipment, which are required by law.  A variety of volume measures are used, so buyers recommend insisting on easily quantifiable units such as by the piece or by the pound. Usually Olympia oysters cost the most, followed by European, Kumamotos, Pacific, and Eastern.

Product Forms

Fresh/Frozen
Fresh
Product Forms
Half Shell
Raw Shucked
Whole

Fresh Seasonal Availability

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
yesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes

Cooking Methods

Advisory Concern

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

Health/Nutrition

Nutrition facts

Serving Size: 100g
Amount per serving
Calories 81
Total Fat 2.3g
Cholesterol 50mg
Sodium 106mg
Carbohydrates 5g
Protein 9.5g
0.7g

Conservation Criteria - Wild

Conservation Criteria - Farmed

Data

The regulations governing oyster farming in developed countries and some developing ones are strict and include best management practices. According to the Monterey Bay Aquarium, farming industry practices tend to be more stringent than the laws that apply to growing shellfish.

Effluent

Oysters filter water, cleaning it so in some places oyster farming improves the habitat, although this is not universal.

Habitat Impacts

Pacific oysters are the most widely cultivated in the world and they are usually raised on ropes, in trays, or on the ocean floor in coastal and near-shore areas. 

Oysters farmed using on-bottom and suspension techniques have minimal impacts on the marine environment. Tongs with long handles and rake-like ends are commonly used to gather these oysters. The dredging of cultured oysters has less of an impact on the seafloor than dredging wild oysters because it’s restricted to relatively small areas. Farmers drag a metal basket containing a row of spiky teeth along the plot to uproot the oysters, causing them to fall into the basket. This dredging carries a moderate risk to marine habitats.

Feed

Farmed oysters don’t require feed so there is no loss of wild fish, and they require little or no drugs or chemicals.

Escapes and Introduced Species

Oyster farming has little risk of escapees because they aren’t capable of movement as adults. While some cultured oysters could reproduce in the wild, shellfish producers have stricter management codes than the laws that apply to the industry. The introduction of non-native oyster species to some areas, there have been some negative interactions with wild stocks. Risk of disease transfer is considered moderate because isolating oyster diseases can be very challenging.

Origin Method Ratings
All Other Origins All Other Farming Methods  
Worldwide On-Bottom Dredge Harvest  
Worldwide Off-Bottom Culture  
Worldwide On-Bottom Culture  
Name Country State / Province
46° South Fish Co. Ltd. Canada British Columbia
Achill Oysters Ireland Co Clare
Acuacultura Integral de Baja California SA Mexico Baja California
Albion Farms & Fisheries Canada British Columbia
Bee Islets Growers Corp. Canada British Columbia
Brady's Oysters United States Washington
Carlsbad Aquafarm, Inc. United States California
Catalina Offshore Products United States California
Catalina Sea Ranch United States California
Catanese Classic Seafood United States Ohio
Channel Seafoods International United States Florida
Chelsea Farms United States Washington
City Fish Canada Alberta
Clipper Ship, Inc. United States Washington
Coal Point Seafood Company United States Alaska
Coast Seafoods Company United States Washington
Codfathers Seafood Market Canada British Columbia
Community Seafood LLC United States California
Community Supported Fishery United States Oregon
Dole & Bailey Inc. United States Massachusetts
Drayton Harbor Oyster Company, LLC. United States Washington
Euclid Fish Company United States Ohio
Export Packers Company Limited Canada Ontario
Global Seafoods Ltd. Canada Nova Scotia
Henderson Inlet Community Shellfish Farm United States Washington
Hog Island Oysters United States California
Hollie Wood Oysters Canada British Columbia
Hudson Valley Seafood United States New York
J.J Brenner Oyster Co. United States Washington
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe United States Washington
Jones Family Farms United States Washington
Lee Fish USA United States California
Little Skookum Shellfish Growers, Inc. United States Washington
Lytle Seafoods United States Washington
Mac's Oysters, Ltd. Canada British Columbia
Marinelli Shellfish Co. United States Washington
Marx Foods United States Washington
Mikuni Wild Harvest United States Washington
National Fish & Oyster Company United States Washington
New Zealand Seafood Marketing United States California
Nisbet Oyster Co., Inc. United States Washington
Northwest Fresh Seafood Company United States Oregon
Ocean Beauty Seafoods LLC United States Washington
Okeover Organic Oysters Canada British Columbia
OM Seafood Company United States Oregon
Organic Ocean Seafood Inc. Canada British Columbia
Out Landish Shellfish Guild Canada British Columbia
Pacific Fresh Fish Ltd. Canada Saskatchewan
Pacific Harvest Seafoods United States California
Paradise Oysters Canada British Columbia
Penn Cove Shellfish, LLC. United States Washington
Pike Place Fish Market United States Washington
Port Madison Community Shellfish Farm United States Washington
QCI Shellfish Company Canada British Columbia
Real Good Fish United States California
Royal Hawaiian Seafood United States California
Sailors Seafoods Canada British Columbia
Santa Monica Seafood, Inc. United States California
Sea Forager Seafood United States California
Sea-Mar Shellfish Co., LLC United States Washington
Set & Drift LLC United States Washington
Smokey Bay Seafood Company, Ltd. Canada British Columbia
Sol Azul Seafarms, Inc. United States California
Taylor Shellfish Farms, Inc United States Washington
The Lobster Man Canada British Columbia
WildCatch Seafood Products LLC United States Washington