Haddock

Haddock
Common Name Haddock
Market Name Scrod, Scrod Haddock
Scientific name Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Sourcing Summary

Size

2-6 lbs.

Haddock is sold year-round; fresh whole, head-on, and headed and gutted; frozen whole headed and gutted, as skin-on fillets, and as blocks. Value-added haddock that’s breaded or smoked is also available.  Haddock’s thin connective tissue layer differentiates it from cod.  It has a slightly sweet taste and lean, white meat that becomes whiter when cooked. Haddock can be used as a substitute for Atlantic cod, monkfish, or sea bass.

Product Forms

Fresh/Frozen
Fresh
Product Forms
Fillet
H&G
Loins
Portions
Whole
Fresh/Frozen
Frozen
Product Forms
Fillet
H&G
Portions
Whole

Fresh Seasonal Availability

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
nonoyesyesyesnonononoyesyesyes

Culinary Composition

Mild

Flavor

Firm

Texture

Cooking Methods

Health/Nutrition

Nutrition facts

Serving Size: 100g
Amount per serving
Calories 87
Total Fat 1g
Cholesterol 57mg
Sodium 68mg
Carbohydrates 0g
Protein 19g
Omega-3 0.2g

Science & Management

Wild
Harvest Methods

Conservation Criteria - Wild

Impact on Stock

Haddock are primarily fished in the U.S. and Canada along the North Atlantic. A smaller fishery exists in Iceland as well. Haddock matures at a young age and has a moderate lifespan, making it fairly resilient to fishing pressure. Starting in the late 1970s, North Atlantic haddock stocks began to be overfished and then crashed in the 1990s. Recovery didn’t begin until the late 1990s. Currently Georges Bank haddock are fished at a sustainable level, although fishing pressure in the Gulf of Maine remains too high, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Haddock stock is a moderate concern in Iceland.

Habitat impacts ( Wild)

Most haddock in Canada, the U.S., and Iceland is caught with bottom trawl gear, which can harm the seafloor. A small amount of North American haddock is caught with hook and line, the most sustainable method for catching haddock because it minimizes bycatch and preserves the seafloor.

Bycatch

Bycatch is a serious concern in this fishery, mostly consisting of Atlantic cod and cusk. In Canada, overfished cod have “special concern” status and cusk are “threatened.” Other bycatch includes yellowtail, winter flounder, and white hake. Some fishermen use an eight-foot mesh in the front end of their nets called a haddock rope trawl or eliminator trawl that allows cod and other fish to escape, reducing bycatch.

Management effectiveness

The Atlantic haddock fishery is considered effectively managed. In the United States, haddock are managed by the Northeast Multispecies Fishery Management Plan, which includes area closures, equipment restrictions, minimum catch size, total allowable catch requirements, as well as a cap on bycatch. An amendment in 2010 expanded catch-share management and increased operational efficiency, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Internationally, haddock falls under the International Council for the Exploration for the Sea. Management of the haddock fishery in Iceland is considered moderately effective.

Conservation Criteria - Farmed

Origin Method Ratings
All Other Origins All Other Fishing Methods  
Canada - Atlantic Gillnet  
Canada - Atlantic Hook and Line  
Canada - Atlantic Bottom Longline  
Canada - Atlantic Bottom Trawl  
Iceland Bottom Trawl  
Iceland Danish Seine  
Iceland Gillnet  
Iceland Handline  
Iceland Longline  
Iceland Midwater Trawl  
USA - Georges Bank Bottom Longline    
USA - Georges Bank Handline    
USA - Georges Bank Bottom Trawl    
USA - Gulf of Maine Bottom Longline    
USA - Gulf of Maine Handline    
USA - Gulf of Maine Bottom Trawl    
Name Country State / Province
Airson Seafood Iceland
Albion Farms & Fisheries Canada British Columbia
Allseas Fisheries Corp. Canada Ontario
American Fish & Seafood Company United States California
Aqua Star United States Washington
Arctic Fisheries Ltd. United States New York
Athena Surgeles France
Beyond the Sea Sales and Marketing, Inc. United States Massachusetts
Bristol Seafood United States Maine
Casey Fisheries Canada Nova Scotia
Catanese Classic Seafood United States Ohio
Channel Fish Processing Company, Inc. United States Massachusetts
Chatham Seafood Enterprises United States Massachusetts
CleanFish United States California
Codfathers Seafood Market Canada British Columbia
COMMUNITY FISH United States Maine
Daily Seafood Inc. Canada Ontario
Dennisport Lobster Co. United States Massachusetts
Domstein Fish AS Norway SJ
Export Packers Company Limited Canada Ontario
Fisherman's Market International Inc. Canada Nova Scotia
Foley Fish United States Massachusetts
Hallvard Lerøy USA, Inc. United States North Carolina
Halperns' Purveyors of Steak and Seafood United States Georgia
Ice-co Foods Iceland
J.J. McDonnell United States Maryland
Maximum Seafood Canada Ontario
Mood Fisheries Ltd. Canada Nova Scotia
Northern Lakes Seafood & Meats United States Michigan
O'Neil Fisheries Limited Canada Nova Scotia
Off The Hook Community Supported Fishery Canada Nova Scotia
Orca Bay Seafoods, Inc. United States Washington
Pacific Fresh Fish Ltd. Canada Saskatchewan
Pacific Harvest Seafoods United States California
Pearlmark Foods Inc. Canada Nova Scotia
Profish Ltd. United States District of Columbia
Raw Seafoods United States Massachusetts
Red's Best United States Massachusetts
Sea Born Products, Inc. United States Massachusetts
Sea Star Seafoods Canada Nova Scotia
Sea to Table, USA United States New York
Seacore Seafood Inc. Canada Ontario
Seattle Fish Company of New Mexico United States New Mexico
SHS, LLC. United States Colorado
Slade Gorton & Co Inc. United States Massachusetts
Sustainable Seafood Sales, LLC. United States Maine
The Fishin' Company United States Pennsylvania
Tradex Foods Inc. Canada British Columbia
Whitecap International Seafood Exporters Canada Newfoundland and Labrador
Xsealent Seafood Company Canada Nova Scotia
ZF America United States Washington