Brown Shrimp

Brown Shrimp
Common Name Brown Shrimp
Scientific name (Farfante) Penaeus aztecus

Sourcing Summary

Size

7-9 in.

Most U.S. brown shrimp are caught between May and August, and are usually available frozen as tail meat year-round. Brown shrimp is low in saturated fat and is a very good source of selenium and vitamin B12. Random tests are recommended to ensure that the shrimp that arrives is actually what was ordered. 

Buyer Beware: Peeled brown shrimp may be treated with sodium tripolyphosphate to add moisture, but too much will make the shrimp appear translucent and give them a soapy feel. Many fishermen prevent black spots on shells by using bisodium sulfates but overuse causes pitting on the shells.


Product Forms

Fresh/Frozen
Fresh
Product Forms
Head-on
Whole
Fresh/Frozen
Frozen
Product Forms
Head-on
Tails (butterflied)
Tails (EZ-Peel)
Tails (P&D)
Tails (PUD)
Tails (shell on)
Whole (raw)

Fresh Seasonal Availability

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
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Culinary Composition

Sweet

Flavor

Firm

Texture

Cooking Methods

Health/Nutrition

Nutrition facts

Serving Size: 100g
Amount per serving
Calories 106
Total Fat 1.73g
Cholesterol 152mg
Sodium 148mg
Carbohydrates 0g
Protein 20.3g
Omega-3 0.53g

Science & Management

Wild
Harvest Methods

Conservation Criteria - Wild

Impact on Stock

Although they are short-lived, brown shrimp are highly fecund, which allows them to rebound quickly from environmental factors such as unfavorable salinity and substrate levels that can have a negative impact. Brown shrimp populations, found along the southeastern U.S. from Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico, are currently healthy and harvested at sustainable levels. Some brown shrimp stocks in Mexico are increasing. However brown shrimp in the Gulf of Tehuantepec is at risk for overfishing so Seafood Watch labeled it as a moderate concern.

Habitat impacts ( Wild)

Shrimp are primarily caught using otter trawls that maximize contact with the seafloor. This type of trawl can harm marine organisms, disturb sediment, lower sea grass production, and cause an increase in algal blooms. However, most shrimp trawling occurs in muddy, sandy areas that are resilient to trawling. The overall effect of trawling on the habitat is a moderate concern in this fishery.

Bycatch

Thousands of sea turtles are caught in shrimp trawls annually in the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. U.S. shrimpers are required to use bycatch reduction devices and turtle extruder devices. Compliance is good in the southeast Atlantic coast fishery, but not yet at 100%. In addition, the brown shrimp fishery is one of the main causes of mortality in Gulf of Mexico red snapper, which has been overfished for decades. Other species of concern include endangered smalltooth sawfish, endangered Atlantic sturgeon and overfished blacknosed shark.

Management effectiveness

Despite the use of turtle extruder devices, sea turtle populations in the United States remain endangered or threatened. Commercial fisheries are working on reducing red snapper bycatch through time-area closures and bycatch reduction devices. Observer coverage in the shrimp fishery continues to be low. Management measures include permit requirements, a moratorium on new permits issued, area closures, and some data collection through logbooks. In Mexico, a number of bycatch reduction programs have been created but no targets have been set.

Conservation Criteria - Farmed

Origin Method Ratings
All Other Origins All Other Fishing Methods  
Mexico - Pacific Artisanal Bottom Trawl  
Mexico - Pacific Artisanal Suripera Net  
Mexico - Pacific Artisanal Entanglement Net  
Mexico - Pacific Bottom Trawl  
USA - Florida Skimmer Trawl    
USA - Gulf of Mexico Bottom Trawl    
USA - Gulf of Mexico Skimmer Trawl    
USA - South Atlantic Bottom Trawl    
Name Country State / Province
Aqua Star United States Washington
Baton Rouge Shrimp Company, Inc. United States Louisiana
Bon Secour Fisheries, Inc. United States Alabama
Cape Canaveral Shrimp Co. United States Florida
Carson & Company Inc United States Alabama
Catanese Classic Seafood United States Ohio
Cherry Point Seafoods United States South Carolina
Core Sound Seafood United States North Carolina
Cox's Wholesale Seafood, LLC. United States Florida
Del Pacifico Seafoods LLC United States California
Dubberly's Seafood United States Georgia
Georgia Shrimp Association United States Georgia
Hudson Valley Seafood United States New York
International Oceanic Enterprises, Inc. United States Alabama
Livingston's Bulls Bay Seafood United States South Carolina
Lowcountry Catch United States South Carolina
Mama's Pickled Shrimp United States South Carolina
McRoberts Sales Co., Inc. United States Florida
Safe Harbor Seafood Market United States Florida
Santa Monica Seafood, Inc. United States California
Sarasota Seafood Company United States Florida
Sustainable Sea Products International United States Maryland
Water Street Seafood, Inc United States Florida
Western Seafood Co., Inc. United States Texas
Wild Fish Direct LLC United States Florida
Wood's Fisheries, Inc. United States Florida