Bay Scallops

Bay Scallop
Common Name Bay Scallops
Scientific name Argopecten irradians

Sourcing Summary

Size

20 #/lb.

The worst time to buy scallops is after they have spawned because the adductor muscle is soft and discolored and sheds moisture easily. The best time to buy scallops is in the late summer when prices are low and the quality has improved following the spring spawn. Scallop meats are sold by count per pound, with a premium being paid for larger size meats (lower count per pound). The trick to sea scallops is to not pay $10/lb. for water. Dry scallops will feel sticky whereas a soaked scallop will feel soapy or slick. Although very small quantities of U.S. scallops are harvested inshore by divers, the term “diver” scallops refers to a dry scallop that has not been treated by sodium tripolyphosphate. The phosphates allow the scallop to hold more water, sometimes 20% more. Most scallops are treated using phosphates and even dry scallops are often washed in tripolyphosphate.

Product Forms

Fresh/Frozen
Fresh
Product Forms
Live
Meat
Fresh/Frozen
Frozen
Product Forms
Meat

Fresh Seasonal Availability

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
nonononoyesyesyesyesnononono

Culinary Composition

Sweet

Flavor

Firm

Texture

Cooking Methods

Advisory Concern

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

Health/Nutrition

Nutrition facts

Serving Size: 100g
Amount per serving
Calories 88
Total Fat 1g
Cholesterol 33mg
Sodium 161mg
Carbohydrates 0g
Protein 17g
Omega-3 0.2g

Conservation Criteria - Wild

Conservation Criteria - Farmed

Data

The U.S. and Canada have strict rules for aquaculture, but China has been struggling with water quality and pollution problems in its coastal environment, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Shellfish farmers there have little control over industrial and agricultural pollution, so it’s unusual for there to be management processes in place to deal with the problem. There is little information available about best management practices for sea scallop farming operations in Asia, according to the aquarium.

Habitat Impacts

Bay scallops are farmed primarily using lantern-shaped nets suspended from long lines underwater either on the seafloor or in a water column. Most bay scallops come from Chinese farmers, although there are some farmers in New England. Bay scallops filter the water so farmers don’t use treatment on them and farming of this species doesn’t create waste.

The majority of farmed scallops are raised “off-bottom,” a method where they are harvested by hand, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Some scallops are raised “on-bottom” in culture plots, meaning they are removed using a heavy net dredge that can harm ecosystems and negatively impact marine life, causing diversity to decline, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

Feed

Since scallops are filterfeeders that actually remove plankton from the water, no additional feed is used in bay scallop farming operations.

Escapes and Introduced Species

Although there is little information available about the environmental impacts of Chinese bay scallop operations, the scallop seems unable to survive on their own in China’s cold water and no wild populations have been reported there to date. Operations in Japan and the U.S. don’t represent a risk to other marine life.

Origin Method Ratings
All Other Origins All Other Fishing Methods  
All Other Origins All Other Farming Methods  
Worldwide Wild-caught  
Worldwide All Farming Methods  
Name Country State / Province
AIS Aqua Foods, Inc. United States New Mexico
Albion Farms & Fisheries Canada British Columbia
American Scallop Company United States Virginia
Aqua Star United States Washington
City Fish Canada Alberta
Codfathers Seafood Market Canada British Columbia
Conchyliculture Gloucester Shellfish Co. Inc. Canada New Brunswick
L&L International Inc. United States California
Lotus Seafood Inc. United States California
Mariner Neptune Canada Manitoba
Pacific Harvest Seafoods United States California
Providence Bay Fish Company United States Rhode Island
Red's Best United States Massachusetts
Royal Hawaiian Seafood United States California
Santa Monica Seafood, Inc. United States California
Sea to Table, USA United States New York
SHS, LLC. United States Colorado
The Hadley Company United States Massachusetts
Thimble Island Oyster Company United States Connecticut
Tradex Foods Inc. Canada British Columbia
Wild Edibles, Inc. United States New York
Wild Fish Direct LLC United States Florida
ZF America United States Washington