Seafood Watch was developed by the Monterey Bay Aquarium to research and evaluate wild-caught and farmed seafood. The result is comprehensive seafood sustainability recommendations for the major seafood species consumed in the United States. Seafood Watch defines sustainable seafood as from sources, whether fish or farmed, that can maintain or increase production into the long-term without jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. Seafood Watch's mission is to empower consumers and businesses to make choices for healthy oceans. The goal is to shift the buying habits of consumers and businesses to support sustainable fisheries and aquaculture operations. Seafood Watch is committed to: providing seafood recommendations and background information to enable consumers and businesses to make more environmentally sound decisions; conduct outreach and marketing to generate awareness that will motivate consumers and business to support sustainable sources of seafood; and, conduct scientifically rigorous analyses and make these analyses accessible to the public or other seafood users groups.
Seafood Watch asks that, as a Business Collaborator:
Conservation Partners (CPs) include zoos, aquariums, science museums and other organizations that engage in and promote the Seafood Watch program in their communities.
Final Score for Wild Fisheries = geometric mean of the four scores (Criterion 1-4).Final Score for Aquaculture = geometric mean of the eight scores (Criterion 1-8).
Because effective management is an essential component of sustainable fisheries, Seafood Watch issues an Avoid recommendation for any fishery scoring Red for Management (Criterion 3).
1. Impacts of Fishery on the Stock in Question1.1 Inherent resilience of the stock1.2 Health of the stock1.3 Fishing pressure2. Impacts on Other Species2.1 Inherent Resilience of the bycatch and other retained stocks2.2 Health of the bycatch and other retained stocks2.3 Mortality caused by this fishery on bycatch and other retained stocks2.4 Secondary factor: discards and bait use
3. Effectiveness of Management3.1 Management of fishery's impacts on fished stocks3.2 Management of fishery's impacts on bycatch species
4. Habitat & Ecosystem Effects4.1 Impact of fishing gear on the substrate4.2 Modifying factor: mitigation of fishing gear impacts4.3 Ecosystem and food web considerations
1. Data1.1 Data relevance1.2 Data quality2. Effluent2.1 Waste discharged per ton of fish2.2 Management of farm-level and cumulative impacts
3. Habitat3.1 Habitat conversion and function3.2 Farm siting management effectiveness3.3X Predator and wildlife mortalities
4. Chemical Use4.1 Evidence or risk of chemicals use
5. Feed5.1 Wild fish use5.2 Net protein gain or loss5.3 Feed footprint6. Escapes and Introduced Species6.1 Escape of principal farmed species6.2X Escape of unintentionally introduced species7. Disease, Pathogen and Parasite Interaction7.1 Disease, pathogen and parasite interaction8. Source of Stock - Independence from Wild Fish Stocks8.1 Independence from Wild Fish Stocks
The following certifications have been benchmarked against the Seafood Watch criteria for farmed and wild seafood as equivalent to at least a Seafood Watch 'Good Alternative' recommendation.
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